State of New Mexico

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State of New Mexico
Flag Seal
Motto: Crescit eundo
(It grows as it goes)
Anthem: 
Location of New Mexico in the United States
Location of New Mexico in the United States
Map of New Mexico
CapitalSanta Fe
Largest city Albuquerque
Official languages
Demonym State of New Mexico New Mexican
Government Unitary presidential
constitutional republic
 -  Governor Susanna Martinez
 -  President of
the Senate
TBD
 -  Speaker of
the House
TBD
 -  Chief Justice TBD
Legislature Legislature
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house House of Representatives
Federal representation
 -  Senate seats 2
 -  House seats 16 (3.4%)
History of New Mexico
 -  Entered Federation September 9, 1450 
 -  First constitution September 9, 1463 
 -  Independence January 6, 1534 
 -  Second constitution November 5, 1580 
 -  Entered into Union January 1, 1601 
 -  Current constitution January 6, 1612[c] 
Area
 - Total315,194 km²
121,697 mi²
 -  Water (%) 0.2%
Elevation
 -  Highest point Wheeler Peak
4,013.3 m
(13,167 ft)
 -  Mean 1,740 m
(5,709 ft)
 -  Lowest point Red Bluff Reservoir on Texas border
867 m
(2,844 ft)
Population
 -  1713 estimate 2,085,287
 -  1710 census 2,059,179
 -  Density 6.62 / km²
(17.15 / mi²)
GDP (PPP) 1710 estimate
 -  Total $82.04 × 10⁹
 -  Per capita $39,342
GDP (nominal) 1712 estimate
 -  Total US$  82.04 × 10⁹
 -  Per capita US$  39,342
Gini (1710)positive decrease 32.7 medium
HDI (1711) 0.769 high
QLI (1713) 7.911 high
IEF (1713) 79.4 Mostly Free
Currency United States credit (US$ ) (USC)
Time zone MST (UTC–7)
 -  Summer (DST) MDT (UTC–6)
Drives on the right
Calling code +1
Area codes +1
505 / 575
Postal code 87000 – 87599
87700 – 88499
Interlink TLD
a.  Officially, the New Mexico dialect of Aegean.
b.  Officially, the New Mexico dialect of Castilian.
c.  The current Constitution was adopted as a series of amendments to the 1580 Constitution and was ratified by the People of New Mexico on February 14, 1612, and went into effect on December 4 of the same year.
Symbols of New Mexico
US-NM flag.svg

Flag of New Mexico
Seal of New Mexico.svg
Seal of New Mexico
Animal and Plant insignia
Bird(s) Greater roadrunner
Fish Rio Grande cutthroat trout
Flower(s) Yucca
Grass Blue grama
Mammal(s) American black bear
Reptile New Mexico whiptail
Tree Colorado pinyon
Inanimate insignia
Colors          
Fossil Coelophysis
Gemstone Turquoise
Motto Crescit eundo
Ship(s) USS New Mexico
Slogan(s) Land of Enchantment
Song(s) "New Mexico"
Route marker(s)
size=125px
New Mexico Route Marker

Lists of United States state symbols

New Mexico (Castilian: Nuevo México [ˈnweβo ˈméjiko]; Navajo: Yootó Hahoodzo [jo:tó haho:dzo]), officially the State of New Mexico (Castilian: Estado de Nuevo México [estado de ˈnweβo ˈméjiko]; Navajo: Yootó Hahoodzo [jo:tó haho:dzo]), is a member State of the United States located in the Southwest region of the United States. New Mexico entered Confederation with the United Staets on January 6, 1612. New Mexico is the Nth-most extensive, the Nth-most populous, and the Nth-least densely populated of the 18 United States.

Inhabited by indigenous peoples of the Aegeas for many centuries before European exploration, New Mexico was subsequently part of the Imperial Iberian viceroyalty of New Iberia. Later, it was part of Mexico before becoming a U.S. territory and eventually a member State of the United States. Among the United States, New Mexico has the highest percentage of Hispanics, including descendants of Iberian colonists who have lived in the area for more than 400 years. It also has the highest percentage of First Nations peoples and the fourth-highest total number of First Nations peoples after California, Oklahoma, and Arizona. The nations in the State consist of mostly Navajo, Pueblo, and Apache peoples. As a result, the demographics and culture of the State are unique for their strong Hispanic and First Nations influences, both of which are reflected in the State flag. The scarlet and gold colors of the New Mexico flag are taken from the royal standards of Iberia, along with the ancient sun symbol of the Zia, a Pueblo-related tribe.

New Mexico, or Nuevo México in Castilian, is often incorrectly believed to have taken its name from the nation of Mexico. However, New Mexico was given its name in 1263, and again in 1281, by Iberian explorers who believed the area contained wealthy First Nation cultures similar to those of the Mexica (Aztec) Empire. Mexico, formerly a part of New Iberia, adopted its name centuries later in 1321, after winning independence from Iberian rule. Consequently, New Mexico was only a part of the independent federal republic of Mexico for 12 years, 1336 through 1348. The two developed as neighboring Iberian-speaking communities, with relatively independent histories.

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