Politics of Vale
The Politics of Vale takes place in a framework of an aristocratic constitutional semi-presidential unitary republic. Executive power is exercised by the government, led by the Council of Ten. Legislative power is vested in both the government and Senate, elected within a multi-party system. The Judiciary is independent, appointed by the Bar of Vale and approved by the Ministry of Justice.
Vale has a typical Western European history of democracy, beginning with the old Norman age Ting electing kings, ending with a regular royal power in the 9th century through the unification, that in periods became more or less democratic depending on the general European trends. The current democratic regime is a product of a stable development of successively added democratic institutions introduced during the 15th century up to the Tiberium Wars, when a new constitution was drafted as part of the Valois Revolution. Valois enjoy individual and political freedoms, and suffrage is universal at 16; Valois women became the first in the world to have unrestricted equal rights as men in 1533.
On many issues the political parties tend to opt in for a co-operation, and the Vale state welfare model receives a broad senate support. This ensures a focus on public-sector efficiency as well as devolved responsibilities of local government on communal level. The degree of transparency and accountability is reflected in the public's high level of satisfaction with the political institutions, while Vale is also regularly considered one of the least corrupt countries in Kobol by international organizations.
Council of Ten
The specific duties of the President include:
- Organizes and supervises the entire Vale Presidential Office and the Vale Department of Foreign Affairs.
- Responsible of the appointment of diplomatic representatives to other nations, and on the acceptance or dismissal of representatives from other nations.
- Participates in high-level negotiations with other countries, either bilaterally or as part of an international conference or organization, or appoints representatives to do so. This includes the negotiation of international treaties and other agreements.
- Responsible for overall direction, coordination, and supervision of interdepartmental activities of the Vale government overseas.
- Communicates issues relating the Vale foreign policy to the Senate, the Council of Ten and to Valois citizens.
- Responsible of the overall foreign policy of Vale.
- Promulgates laws; may refer the law for review to the Constitutional Council prior to promulgation.
Responsibility in the United States of Kobol
The 200-member unicameral Senate of Vale is the supreme legislative authority in Vale. The Senate may alter the Constitution of Vale, make legislation and bring about the resignation of the Government. Its acts are subject to judicial review by the Constitutional Council. Legislation may be initiated by the Government, or one of the Senate members, who 100 are elected for a four-year term on the basis of proportional representation through closed list voting system, while the other 100 senators are appointed by the Council of Ten for a two-year term. Persons 16 or older, except military personnel on active duty, judicial officials, University rectors and the Council of Ten, are eligible for election. The regular senate term is four years and cannot be dissolved. Election date is fixed on the 12th day of March.
Political parties and elections
Vale has a multiparty system with currently ?? parties represented in the Senate.
None of the parties have exactly the same organization. It is however common for a party to have: An annual convention which approves manifestos and elects party chairmen and create the party list; a board of leaders; an assembly of representatives as well as a number of local branches with their own organization. In most cases the party members in the Senate form their own group with autonomy to develop and promote party politics in senate and between elections.