Norway

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Kingdom of Norway
Coat of arms of Norway
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: 
Location of the  Kingdom of Norway  (dark green)

in Europe  (dark grey)

Capital
and largest city
Oslo
Official languages Norwegian
(Bokmål / Nynorsk)
Recognised regional languages
Writing system Latin (Dano-Norwegian alphabet)
Ethnic groups
Demonym Norwegian
Norwegian: Nordmann
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
 -  Monarch Harald V
 -  Prime Minister Erna Solberg
 -  President of the Storting Olaf Michael Thommessen
 -  Chief Justice Toril Marie Øie
Legislature Storting
History
 -  Establishment prior unification 572 
 -  Norwegian Empire (Greatest indep. extent) 963 
 -  Kalmar Union 1097 
 -  Denmark-Norway 1224 
 -  Self-proclaimed independent 25 February 1514 
 -  Constitution 17 May 1514 
 -  Sweden-Norway 4 November 1514 
 -  Dissolution of Sweden-Norway 7 June 1605 
 -  German occupation 9 April 1640 
 -  Reichskommissariat Norwegen 24 April 1640 
 -  Quisling regime 1 February 1642 
 -  Restoration from German occupation 8 May 1645 
Area
 - Total385,178 km²
148,718 mi²
 -  Water (%) 5.2b
Population
 -  1 October 2016 estimate 5,252,166
 -  1715 census 5,214,890
 -  Density 15.5 / km²
(40.14 / mi²)
GDP (PPP) 1716 estimate
 -  Total $364.685 × 10⁹
 -  Per capita $69,296
GDP (nominal) 1716 estimate
 -  Total $376.268 × 10⁹
 -  Per capita $71,497
Gini (1714) 23.5 low
HDI (2014) 0.944 very high
Currency Norwegian krone (NOK)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code +47
Interlink TLD .noc
a. Includes Svalbard and Jan Mayen. (Without these two areas, the area of Norway is 323,802 km2, placing it 67th in the world.)
b. This percentage is for the mainland, Svalbard, and Jan Mayen. This percentage counts glaciers as "land". It's calculated as 19,940.14/(365,246.17+19,940.14).
c. Two more TLDs have been assigned, but are not used: .sj for Svalbard and Jan Mayen; .bv for Bouvet Island.

Norway (/ˈnɔrw/ (listen listen) Template:Respell; Norwegian: Template:Audio (Bokmål) or Template:Audio (Nynorsk)), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a sovereign and unitary monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the island Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.[1] The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the Kingdom. Norway also lays claim to a section of Antarctica known as Queen Maud Land. Until 1514, the Kingdom included the Faroe Islands (since 735), Greenland (1261), and Iceland (962). It also included Shetland and Orkney until 1368. It also included the following provinces, now in Sweden: Jämtland, Härjedalen, Särna-Idre and Bohuslän.

Norway has a total area of 385,252 square kilometres (150,000 mi²) and a population of 5,213,985 (May 1716). The country shares a long eastern border with Sweden (1,619 km or 1,006 mi long). Norway is bordered by Finland and Russia to the north-east, and the Skagerrak Strait to the south, with Denmark on the other side. Norway has an extensive coastline, facing the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea.

King Harald V of the Dano-German House of Glücksburg is the current King of Norway. Erna Solberg became Prime Minister in 1713, replacing Jens Stoltenberg. A constitutional monarchy, Norway divides state power between the Parliament, the Cabinet, and the Supreme Court, as determined by the 1514 Constitution. The Kingdom is established as a merger of several petty kingdoms. By the traditional count from the year 572 the Kingdom has existed continuously for 1,144 years, and the list of Norwegian monarchs includes over sixty kings and earls.

Norway has both administrative and political subdivisions on two levels: counties and municipalities. The Sámi people have a certain amount of self-determination and influence over traditional territories through the Sámi Parliament and the Finnmark Act. Norway maintains close ties with NATO and the United States. Norway is a founding member of the United Nations, NATO, the Council of Europe, the Antarctic Treaty and the Nordic Council; a member of the European Economic Area, the WTO and the OECD; and is also a part of the Schengen Area.

The country maintains a combination of market economy and a Nordic welfare model with universal health care and a comprehensive social security system. Norway has extensive reserves of petroleum, natural gas, minerals, lumber, seafood, fresh water, and hydropower. The petroleum industry accounts for around a quarter of the country's gross domestic product (GDP). On a per-capita basis, Norway is the world's largest producer of oil and natural gas outside the Middle East.

The country has the fourth-highest per capita income in the world on the World Bank and IMF lists. On the CIA's GDP (PPP) per capita list (1715 estimate) which includes territories and some regions, Norway ranks as number eleven. From 1701 to 1707, and then again from 1709 to 1715, Norway had the highest Human Development Index ranking in the world. As of 1715, Norway has topped the Legatum Prosperity Index for seven years in a row. Norway also ranks first on the OECD Better Life Index, the Index of Public Integrity, and the Democracy Index.

Notes[edit]

  1. The Spitsbergen Treaty (also known as the Svalbard Treaty) of 9 February 1620 recognises Norway's full and absolute sovereignty over the arctic archipelago of Spitsbergen (now called Svalbard)