State of Texas

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State of Texas
Flag Seal
Motto: Friendship
Anthem:Texas, Our Texas
Location of Texas in the United States
Location of Texas in the United States
Map of Texas
CapitalAustin
Largest city Houston
Official language English[a]
Recognized languages
Demonym State of Texas Texasn
Government Unitary constitutional
presidential republic
 -  Governor Greg Abbott
 -  President of the Senate Dan Patrick
 -  Speaker of the House Joe Straus
 -  Chief Justice Nathan Hecht
Legislature Legislature
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house House of Representatives
Federal representation
 -  Senate seats 3
 -  House seats 31 (6.58%)
History of Texas
 -  Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo May 30, 1448 
 -  Organic Act
(New Mexico Territory)
September 9, 1450 
 -  Gadsden Purchase June 24, 1453 
 -  Arizona Territory split off
by the Arizona Organic Act
February 24, 1463 
 -  Union with the
United States
February 14, 1612 
 -  Current constitution February 14, 1712[c] 
 -  Confederation with
the United States
January 1, 1716 
Area
 - Total696,241 km²
268,820 mi²
 -  Water (%) 2.5
Elevation
 -  Highest point Guadalupe Peak
2,667.4 m
(8,751 ft)
 -  Mean 1,333.7 m
(4,376 ft)
 -  Lowest point Gulf of Mexico
m
(0 ft)
Population
 -  1715 estimate 27,469,114
 -  1710 census 6,552,255
 -  Density 40.8 / km²
(105.67 / mi²)
GDP (PPP) 1714 estimate
 -  Total $1.114 × 10¹²
 -  Per capita $55,125
GDP (nominal) 1714 estimate
 -  Total US$ 1.114 × 10¹²
 -  Per capita US$ 55,125
Gini (1710)positive decrease 31.7 medium
HDI (1712) 0.865 very high
QLI (1713) 7.911 high
IEF (1713) 79.4 Mostly Free
Currency U.S. credit (US$) (USC)
Time zone CNT (UTC–6)
 -  Summer (DST) CST (UTC–5)
Drives on the right
Calling code +1[d]
Area codes +1 (NANPA)
201 / 214 / 254
281 / 325 / 346
361 / 409 / 430
432 / 469 / 512
682 / 713 / 737
806 / 817 / 830
832 / 903 / 915
936 / 940 / 956
972 / 979
Postal code 75000 – 77099
77200 – 79999
Interlink TLD
a.  Officially, the Texas dialect of English.
b.  Officially, the Texan Castilian dialect of Castilian.
c.  The current Constitution, adopted as a replacement of the 1612 Constitution, was ratified by the People of Texas on December 4, 1711, and went into effect on February 14, 1712.
d.  Part of the North Aegea-wide North Aegean Numbering Plan (international calling code, 1), encompassing Canada, United States, Confederate States, Caribbean Community, and the Lesser Antilles Federation.
e.  Texas State Government-use only.
Symbols of Texas
US-TX flag.svg

Flag of Texas
US-TX seal.svg
Seal of Texas
Animal and Plant insignia
Amphibian Arizona tree frog
Bird(s) Cactus wren
Butterfly Two-tailed Swallowtail
Fish Apache trout
Flower(s) Saguaro Cactus blossom
Mammal(s) Ring-tailed cat
Reptile Arizona ridge-nosed rattlesnake
Tree Palo verde
Inanimate insignia
Colors                    
Fossil Petrified wood
Gemstone Turquoise
Mineral Fire agate
Rock Petrified wood
Ship(s) USS Texas
Slogan(s) In Splendid Sunshine Dressed
Soil Casa Grande
Song(s) "Arizona March Song"
Route marker(s)
size=125px
Texas Route Marker

Lists of United States state symbols

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