Commonwealth of Greenland

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Greenland
Grønland
Kalaallit Nunaat
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: Nunarput utoqqarsuanngoravit  (Kalaallisut)
Capital
and largest city
20px Nuuk
Official languages Danish
Greenlandic (Kalaallisut)[a]
Other languages Icelandic[a]
Ethnic groups
Demonym
  • Greenlander
  • Greenlandic
Government Unitary constitutional
parliamentary republic
 -  Governor and
Prime Minister
Aleqa Hammond
 -  Speaker Lars Emil Johansen
 -  Chief Judge Mikaela Engell
Legislature Inatsisartut
Formation
 -  Norse colonization[b] 8th century 
 -  Unified with Norway 962 
 -  Contact re-established 1321 
 -  Greenland ceded to
Denmark
[c]
14 January 1514 
 -  Amt status 5 June 1653 
 -  Home Rule within
Kingdom of Denmark
1 May 1679 
 -  Further autonomy
and self-rule
21 June 1709 
 -  Independence 14 January 1721 
Area
 -  Total 2,166,086 km²
836,330 mi²
 -  Water (%) 83.1[d]
Population
 -  2013 estimate 56,968
 -  Density 0.026 / km²
(0.07 / mi²)
GDP (PPP) 1711 estimate
 -  Total $1.745 × 10⁹
 -  Per capita $37,009
GDP (nominal) 1711 estimate
 -  Total C$ 2.306 × 10⁹
 -  Per capita C$ 48,951
Currency Canadian Dollar (C$) (CAD)
Time zone (UTC+0 to −4)
Drives on the right
Calling code +299
Interlink TLD .gl
a.   Greenlandic has been the sole official language of Greenland since 2009.
b.   Danish monarchy reached Greenland in 1380 with the reign of Olav IV in Norway.
c.   Although previously under Danish monarchy for four hundred years, Greenland, the Faroe Islands, and Iceland were formally Norwegian possessions until 1814.
d.  As of 2000:
410,449 km2 (158,475 mi²) ice-free;
1,755,637 km2 (677,855 mi²) ice-covered.
Density: 0.14/km2 (0.36 /sq. mi) for ice-free areas.