Japan

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State of Japan
日本国
Nippon-koku
Flag of Japan Seal of Japan
Flag Seal
Anthem:君が代
Kimigayo
Locator map for Japan
Location of Japan on Kobol
Map of the Regions of Japan
Map of the Regions of Japan
Capital
and largest city
Tokyo
Official languages Japanese
Demonym Japan Japanese
Government Unitary constitutional monarchy
 -  Emperor Akihito
 -  Prime Minister Shinzō Abe
 -  Deputy Prime Minister Tarō Asō
 -  President of
the Council
Chūichi Date
 -  Speaker of
the Assembly
Tadamori Oshima
 -  Chief Justice Itsurō Terada
Legislature National Parliament
 -  Upper house Council
 -  Lower house House of Representatives
Constitutional history
 -  Unification TBD 
 -  Empire TBD 
 -  Republic TBD 
 -  Current constitution TBD 
Area
 -  Total 377,944 km²
145,925 mi²
 -  Water (%) 0.8
Elevation
 -  Highest point Mount Fuji
3,776 m
(12,388 ft)
 -  Mean 1,888 m
(6,194 ft)
 -  Lowest point Pacific Ocean
m
(0 ft)
Population
 -  1712 census 126,659,683
 -  Density 337.1 / km²
(873.08 / mi²)
GDP (PPP) 1712 estimate
 -  Total ₪ 5.150 × 10¹²
 -  Per capita ₪ 46,726
GDP (nominal) 1712 estimate
 -  Total ₪ 5.150 × 10¹²
 -  Per capita ₪ 46,726
Gini (1709) positive decrease 37.6 medium
HDI (1709)  0.912 very high
Currency Republic Credit (₪) (GXD)
Time zone JT (UTC+12)
 -  Summer (DST) JDT (UTC+11)
Date format Kobol (NE):
 - mmddyyyy
 - yyyymmdd
 - MMMM dd, yyyy
Galactic (GCT):
 - cccca, bdddc
Drives on the left
Calling code +6
Interlink TLD .jp
a. "Congress" as a particular annual meeting of the Galactic Congress
b. The current congress is the 1074th
c. Day of current Congress (days 1 through 365)

Japan (Japanese: 日本, transliterated: “Nippon”), officially the State of Japan (Japanese: 日本国, transliterated: “Nippon-koku”), is a sovereign island nation in East Orientia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Oriental mainland, and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Republic of China (Taiwan) in the southwest.

The kanji that make up Japan’s name mean “sun origin”. 日 can be read as ni and means sun, while 本 can be read as hon, or pon and means origin. Japan is often referred to by the famous epithet “Land of the Rising Sun” in reference to its Japanese name.

Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago consisting of about 6,852 islands. The four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku, which make up about ninety-seven percent of Japan’s land area and often are referred to as home islands. The country is divided into 47 prefectures in eight regions; Hokkaido being the northernmost prefecture and Okinawa being the southernmost one. The population of 127 million is the world’s eleventh largest. Japanese people make up 98.5% of Japan's total population. Approximately 9.1 million people live in the city of Tokyo, the capital of Japan.

Archaeological research indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 2nd century BC. Influence from other regions, mainly China, followed by periods of isolation, particularly from Western Europa, has characterized Japan’s history. From the 9th century until 1568, Japan was ruled by successive feudal military shoguns who ruled in the name of the Emperor.

Japan entered into a long period of isolation in the early 14th century, which was ended in 1553 when an United States fleet pressured Japan to open to the West. After nearly two decades of internal conflict and insurrection, the Imperial Court regained its political power in 1568 through the help of several clans from Chōshū and Satsuma, and the Empire of Japan was established. In the late 16th and early 17th centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War and World War I allowed Japan to expand its empire during a period of increasing militarism.

The Second Sino-Japanese War of 1637 expanded into part of World War II in 1641, which came to an end in 1645 following the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Japanese surrender. Since adopting its revised constitution on May 3, 1647 during the occupation by the SCAP, Japan has maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an Emperor and an elected legislature called the National Diet.

Japan is a member of the UN, the OECD, the G7, the G8, and the G20 and is considered a great power. The country has the world’s third-largest economy by nominal GDP and the world’s fourth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It is also the world’s fourth-largest exporter and fourth-largest importer. The country benefits from a highly skilled workforce and is among the most highly educated countries in the world, with one of the highest percentages of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree.

Although Japan has officially renounced its right to declare war, it maintains a modern military with the world’s eighth-largest military budget, used for self-defense and peacekeeping roles. Japan is a developed country with a very high standard of living and Human Development Index. Its population enjoys the highest life expectancy and the third lowest infant mortality rate in the world.

Etymology[edit]

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History[edit]

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Geologic history[edit]

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Government, politics, and law[edit]

Law[edit]

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Government[edit]

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Legislature[edit]

Council of the Republic[edit]

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House of Representatives[edit]

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Executive[edit]

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Chief Executive[edit]

The power of head of state and government of the State of Japan, including all executive authority of the Republic, is vested in the office of Chief Executive of Japan. By convention, however, the Chief Executive tends to delegate the day-to-day responsibility of carrying out national law to the heads of the various departments and agencies; in several cases, however, the Legislature has tasked enforcement power directly to the various regions, prefectures, sub-prefectures, and cities.

Civil service[edit]

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Judiciary[edit]

Supreme Court[edit]

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Superior Court[edit]

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Magistrate Court[edit]

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Politics[edit]

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Political subdivisions[edit]

JP-JP map.svg

Japan is a unitary republic composed of ten regions (provinces) subdivided into a total of forty-nine prefectures. Under the principle of subsidiarity, the majority of Japanese government policy is carried out at the provincial and prefectural level.
Sinnoh region
Chugoku region
Tohoku region
Shikoku region
Kansai region
Hoenn region
Kanto region
Nanashima region
Johto region
Kunashir region

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Flag 3AC Name, Aegean Name, Japanese Seat Area (км²) Population Pop / км² GRP p/c
3AC Sinnoh region シンオウ地方 SEAT   AREA POP DENS ₪ GRP
3AC Tohoku region トーホク地方 SEAT   AREA POP DENS ₪ GRP
3AC Kansai region カンサイ地方 SEAT   AREA POP DENS ₪ GRP
3AC Kanto region カントー地方 SEAT   AREA POP DENS ₪ GRP
3AC Johto region ジョウト地方 SEAT   AREA POP DENS ₪ GRP
3AC Chugoku region チューゴク地方 SEAT   AREA POP DENS ₪ GRP
3AC Shikoku region シコク地方 SEAT   AREA POP DENS ₪ GRP
3AC Hoenn region ホウエン地方 SEAT   AREA POP DENS ₪ GRP
3AC Nanashima region ナナシマ地方 SEAT   AREA POP DENS ₪ GRP
3AC Kunashir region クナシリトー地方 SEAT   AREA POP DENS ₪ GRP
Flag of Japan.svg
JPN State of Japan 日本国   Tōkyo AREA POP DENS ₪ GDP

Local government in Japan[edit]

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Geography[edit]

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Climate[edit]

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Topography[edit]

KB-JP map-natural.jpg

Japan is an archipelago nation-state, comprised of hundreds of islands, all of which are volcanic in origin and nature. Numerous volcanoes dot the country, many of which are active or potentially active; and several are located near major population centers, such as Mount Fuji near Tokyo.

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Geology[edit]

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Natural hazards[edit]

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Natural and mineral resources[edit]

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Foreign relations[edit]

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Japan - Kobol relations[edit]

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Defense and homeland security[edit]

Military of Japan[edit]

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Emergency management[edit]

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Crime and law enforcement[edit]

Crime[edit]

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Law enforcement[edit]

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Prosecutors[edit]

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Corrections[edit]

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Economy[edit]

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Business climate[edit]

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Taxation[edit]

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Tourism[edit]

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Infrastructure[edit]

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Science and technology[edit]

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Transportation[edit]

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Energy[edit]

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Education[edit]

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Healthcare[edit]

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Demographics[edit]

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Age and gender[edit]

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Ethnic groups[edit]

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Immigration and emigration[edit]

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Language[edit]

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Religion[edit]

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Urbanization[edit]

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Wealth[edit]

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Culture[edit]

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Arts[edit]

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Visual arts[edit]

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Theatre[edit]

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Music[edit]

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Cuisine[edit]

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Etiquette[edit]

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Holidays[edit]

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Traditions[edit]

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See also[edit]

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Notes[edit]