State of Hawaiʻi

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State of Hawaiʻi
Mokuʻāina o Hawaiʻi
Flag Coat of Arms
Motto: Ua Mau ke Ea o ka ʻĀina i ka Pono
(Aegean: The Life of the Land is Perpetuated in Righteousness)
Anthem:Hawaiʻi Ponoʻī

Hawaii's Own True Sons
Location of Hawaiʻi in the United States
Location of Hawaiʻi in the United States
Map of Hawaiʻi
Capital
and largest city
Honolulu
Official languages
Demonym State of Hawaiʻi Hawaiʻian
Government Unitary parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
 -  Monarch King Kameāloha I
 -  Kuhina Nui[a] Barack Obama
 -  President of the Senate TBD
 -  Speaker of the House TBD
 -  Chief Justice TBD
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house House of Commons
Federal representation
 -  Senate seats 3
 -  House seats 46 (9.77%)
Formation
 -  Settlement c. 504 
 -  Unification c. 1483 
 -  First constitution 7 July 1598 
 -  Entered Confederation 21 August 1659 
 -  Current constitution 21 August 1678 
Area
 - Total[b]
(includes territorial waters)
405,801.93 km²
156,681 mi²
 -  Hawaiʻi proper[c] 16,636.5 km²
6,423 mi²
 -  Water (%) 41.2
Elevation
 -  Highest point Mauna Kea
4,205.0 m
(13,796 ft)
 -  Mean 920 m
(3,018 ft)
 -  Lowest point Pacific Ocean
m
(0 ft)
Population
 -  1710 census 1,404,054
 -  Density 82.6 / km²
(213.93 / mi²)
GDP (PPP) 1712 estimate
 -  Total US$  69.099 × 10⁹
 -  Per capita US$  49,214
GDP (nominal) 1712 estimate
 -  Total   69.099 × 10⁹
 -  Per capita   49,214
Gini (1710)positive decrease 31.7 medium
HDI (1712) 0.865 very high
QLI (1713) 7.911 high
IEF (1713) 79.4 Mostly Free
Currency Hawaiʻian Pound ( ) (HWP)
Time zone HAT (UTC–10)
 -  Summer (DST) Not observed (UTC–10)
Drives on the right
Calling code +1
Area codes +1 (NANPA)
808
Postal code 96700 – 96899
ISO 3166 code HI
Interlink TLD
a.  Equivalent to the post of prime minister in other countries.
b.  The total territory of the State of Hawaiʻi, consisting of all lands and waters coming under the sovereignty of the Hawaiʻian Kingdom.
c.  The total land area of the State of Hawaiʻi, consisting of the thousands of islands, islets, and reefs that make up the Hawaiʻian Kingdom, but not including the sovereign territorial waters of the Kingdom.

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Etymology[edit]

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History[edit]

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Geologic history[edit]

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Human history[edit]

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Prehistoric Hawaiʻi[edit]

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Contemporary Hawaiʻi[edit]

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Geography[edit]

Main article: Geography of Hawaiʻi

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Climate[edit]

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Geology[edit]

Main article: Geology of Hawaiʻi
Related article: Volcanoes of Hawaiʻi
See also: Hawaiʻian hotspot

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Islands[edit]

Main article: Hawaiʻian Islands

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Major Islands[edit]

Main article: Hawaiʻi Major

The islands of Hawaiʻi, Maui, Kahoʻolawe, Lānaʻi, Molokaʻi, Oʻahu, Kauaʻi, and Niʻihau –the largest eight of the Hawaiʻian Islands– are called "Hawaiʻi Major". The island of Hawaiʻi is both the largest and easternmost of the Hawaiʻian Islands as well as the southernmost; and Niʻihau is both the smallest and westernmost of Hawaiʻi Major and also the northernmost of them. The islands of Hawaiʻi Major are also the youngest of all the Hawaiʻian Islands.

Hawaiʻi, The Big Isle[edit]

Main article: Island of Hawaiʻi

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Maui, The Valley Isle[edit]

Main article: Island of Maui

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Kahoʻolawe, The Target Isle[edit]

Main article: Island of Kahoʻolawe

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Lānaʻi, The Pineapple Isle[edit]

Main article: Island of Lānaʻi

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Molokaʻi, The Friendly Isle[edit]

Main article: Island of Molokaʻi

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Oʻahu, The Gathering Isle[edit]

Main article: Island of Oʻahu

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Kauaʻi, The Garden Isle[edit]

Main article: Island of Kauaʻi

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Niʻihau, The Forbidden Isle[edit]

Main article: Island of Niʻihau

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Minor islands[edit]

Main article: Hawaiʻi Minor

Consisting of XXXX atolls and small islets, the minor outlying Hawaiʻian islands are collectively called "Hawaiʻi Minor". Hawaiʻi Minor also includes the numerous coral reefs and submerged seamounts composing the Hawaiʻian–Emperor seamount chain that stretch from Nihoa all the way to the Kuril–Kamchatka Trench off the east coast of the Russian province of Kamchatka. XXXX

Protected areas[edit]

Protected areas of Hawaiʻi
Protected areas of Hawaii map.svg

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Politics[edit]

Main article: Politics of Hawaiʻi
Related articles: Law of Hawaiʻi, Constitution for the State of Hawaiʻi, Hawaiʻi Revised Statutes, and Hawaiʻi Revised Code of Regulations

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State government[edit]

Main article: HawaiʻI State Government
See also: Separation of powers under the Hawaiʻian Constitution, and Responsible government in Hawaiʻi

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Legislative department[edit]

Main article: Hawaiʻi Integrated Legislative Department
See also: Agencies of the Hawaiʻi Integrated Legislative Department

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Legislature[edit]
Main article: Hawaiʻian Parliament

The legislative Power of the State of Hawaiʻi is vested in the Monarch and the Hawaiʻian Parliament. The Hawaiʻian Parliament is bicameral, consisting of an upper house called Senate and a lower house called House of Commons. Members of both Houses of the Legislature are elected by the People; however, the Manner and Method used to elect Members differs between the Senate and the House of Commons: Members of the Senate are chosen on a geographic basis, where the eight largest Islands, respectively, each constitute one Senate District, and Hawaiʻi Minor as a whole counts as one Senate District; and the People of each Senate District choose from among their Number two Senators. The Term of Members of the Senate is six Years, and elections for the Senate are staggered so that every two Years the Seats of one-third of the Senate (six Seats) are filled by election. The sixty-nine Members of the House of Commons, on the other hand, are chosen in single-member constituencies called tidings using the first-past-the-post voting method.

Senate[edit]
Main article: Hawaiʻian Senate
See also: Hawaiʻian Senate Districts

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House of Commons[edit]
Main article: Hawaiʻian House of Commons
See also: Hawaiʻian Legislative Districts

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Executive department[edit]

Main article: Hawaiʻian Integrated Executive Department

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However, the State Constitution vests the Monarch with supervisory, oversight, and management powers over the entire executive branch.

Government of Hawaiʻi[edit]
Main article: Monarchy of Hawaiʻi
Related article: Privy Council of the State of Hawaiʻi

The executive branch consists of the Monarch (officially the “King/Queen of the Hawaiʻians”) and those to whom the Monarch delegates power. The Monarch is head of state and de facto head of government as well as the military Commander-in-Chief and chief Diplomat. The Monarch, as required by the Constitution, must “take care that the laws be faithfully executed”, and “preserve, protect and defend the Constitution.” The Monarch is also the formal head the executive branch of the State government, an organization numbering about XXXX people, including XXXX active-duty military personnel. The XXXX and current Monarch is King Kameāloha I of the House of Laʻanui-Kamehameha.

The Monarch may sign legislation passed by the Legislature into Law or may veto it, preventing it from becoming Law unless two-thirds of both Houses of the Legislature Vote to override the veto. The Monarch may unilaterally sign Treaties with other States; however, signed Treaties are not binding until ratified in the Senate by a two-thirds Majority of all Senators, and ratified Treaties are not enforceable until enacted into domestic Law by the Legislature. The Monarch may dissolve the Legislature, but only upon the recommendation of the Cabinet (officially styled “Privy Council”); he also has the Power to call special Elections, to Pardon, or release, criminals convicted of offenses against the State (except in cases of Impeachment), enact Orders-in-Council (e.g., “Executive Orders”), and (by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate) appoint supreme Court justices and Judges of lower Courts. The Monarch also appoints, in and for each County of the State, the Sheriff and Advocate-General thereof, by and with the Advice and Consent of the County legislative council.

Members of the Cabinet (officially, “Members of the Privy Council” or “Privy Counsellor”) are appointed by the Monarch, by and with the Advice and Consent of both Houses of the Hawaiʻian Parliament, for a Term of four Years, and their successfully serving out their Term depend on their continuously maintaining the Confidence of the Parliament for the duration of their Commission. However, while Members of the Privy Council, by law, serve at the pleasure of the Monarch, in modern practice the Monarch of the day tends to defer to the Parliament relative to Matters of responsible government.

See also: Government of Hawaiʻi

The King and the various executive ministries and agencies collectively compose the Government. Officially the “Hawaiʻi Integrated Executive Department”, the Government, pursuant to the Constitution, is responsible for carrying out the will of the Hawaiʻian People as represented by their delegates in the Parliament (e.g., enforcing the various Laws enacted by the Parliament, provided that they are not repugnant to the Constitution).

Hawaiʻian Integrated Executive Department

Judicial department[edit]

Main article: Hawaiʻi Integrated Judicial Department

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Supreme Court[edit]
Main article: Hawaiʻi Supreme Court
Related article: Solicitor-General of Hawaiʻi

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Superior Court[edit]
Main article: Hawaiʻi Superior Court
Related article: Advocates-General of Hawaiʻi

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Municipal, local, and other courts[edit]

Related articles: Police courts in Hawaiʻi, and Justice of the peace courts in Hawaiʻi

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Local government[edit]

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Counties[edit]

Main article: Counties of Hawaiʻi
Related article: County government in Hawaiʻi
See also: Aliʻi of Hawaiʻi, Minister-President (Hawaiʻi), Sheriffs of Hawaiʻi, Advocates-General of Hawaiʻi, County assessor (Hawaiʻi), County marshal (Hawaiʻi), County treasurer (Hawaiʻi), County recorder (Hawaiʻi), County clerk (Hawaiʻi), County secretary (Hawaiʻi), County superintendent of public instruction (Hawaiʻi), County medical examiner (Hawaiʻi), County civil defense agency (Hawaiʻi), County transport minister (Hawaiʻi), County environmental quality minister (Hawaiʻi), County health minister (Hawaiʻi), County water and power minister (Hawaiʻi), and County housing minister (Hawaiʻi)

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In and for each County there is an Aliʻi (English: “Chief”), commissioned (elected) by the voters thereof, for a Term of three Years. Of the eight largest Counties, each of them being also conterminous with the respective eight largest islands composing the State, the Aliʻi of each of them, respectively, is the titular leader of that island and the chief executive officer of the corresponding county: However, the ninth, and largest county (ʻImepeliala County), which consists of all of Hawaiʻi Minor, is administered from Honolulu, on the Island-County of Oʻahu by the Aliʻi of Hawaiʻi Minor (ipso facto also Aliʻi of ʻImepeliala County). However, unlike the Aliʻi of the eight largest islands of Hawaiʻi, the Aliʻi of ʻImepeliala County is appointed by the King, and serves at his pleasure. This arrangement is due to the islands of ʻImepeliala County being, for the most part, uninhabited; not to mention most of ʻImepeliala County is largely included within the boundaries of Papahānaumokuākea National Marine Park.

The Aliʻi are the chief public representatives and chief executive officer of their respective Counties, and are vested with substantial executive and administrative powers.

Counties in Hawaiʻi operate under a form of cabinet government.

Cities and towns[edit]

Main article: Local government in Hawaiʻi

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Law enforcement[edit]

Main article: Law enforcement in Hawaiʻi
See also: Hawaiʻi Department of Public Safety, Hawaiʻian National Police, and Sheriffs of Hawaiʻi

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See also: Hawaiʻi Department of Law and Justice, Crown Prosecution Service (Hawaiʻi), Attorney-General of Hawaiʻi, and Advocates-General of Hawaiʻi

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See also: Incarceration in Hawaiʻi, Capital punishment in Hawaiʻi, and Hawaiʻi Department of Corrections

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Military Department[edit]

Main article: Hawaiʻi Department of Defense
Related article: Secretary of Defense (Hawaiʻi)

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Hawaiʻi State Guard[edit]

Main articles: Hawaiʻi State Guard (Hawaiʻi Land Guard, Hawaiʻi Air Guard, Hawaiʻi Maritime Guard, and Hawaiʻi Marine Corps)
Related articles: Hawaiʻi Coast Guard and Hawaiʻi Border Guard)

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Civil defense and emergency management[edit]

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Political culture[edit]

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Elections[edit]

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Economy[edit]

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Business climate[edit]

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Taxation[edit]

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Transportation[edit]

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Energy[edit]

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Demographics[edit]

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Urbanization[edit]

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Ethnic groups[edit]

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Languages[edit]

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Religion[edit]

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Education[edit]

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Healthcare[edit]

Further information: Hawaiʻi Health Authority, and Hawaiʻi Health Insurance Corporation

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Society[edit]

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Social class[edit]

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Women[edit]

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GLB[edit]

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Marriage and children[edit]

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Daily life[edit]

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Customs and etiquette[edit]

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Culture[edit]

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Arts[edit]

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Visual arts[edit]

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Theater[edit]

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Music[edit]

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Architecture[edit]

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Sports[edit]

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Fashion[edit]

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Cuisine[edit]

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See also[edit]

Notes[edit]