State of Hawaiʻi

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State of Hawaiʻi
Mokuʻāina o Hawaiʻi
Flag Coat of Arms
Motto: Ua Mau ke Ea o ka ʻĀina i ka Pono
(English: The Life of the Land is Perpetuated in Righteousness)
Anthem:Hawaiʻi Ponoʻī

Hawaiʻi’s Own True Sons
Location of Hawaiʻi in the United States
Location of Hawaiʻi in the United States
Map of Hawaiʻi
Capital
and largest city
Honolulu
Official languages
Demonym State of Hawaiʻi Hawaiʻian
Government Unitary parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
 -  Monarch King Kameāloha I
 -  Kuhina Nui[a] Barack Obama
 -  President of the Senate TBD
 -  Speaker of the House TBD
 -  Chief Justice TBD
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house House of Commons
Federal representation
 -  Senate seats 3
 -  House seats 46 (9.77%)
Formation
 -  Settlement c. 504 
 -  Unification c. 1483 
 -  First constitution 7 July 1598 
 -  Entered Confederation 21 August 1659 
 -  Current constitution 21 August 1678 
Area
 - Total[b]
(includes territorial waters)
405,801.93 km²
156,681 mi²
 -  Hawaiʻi proper[c] 16,636.5 km²
6,423 mi²
 -  Water (%) 41.2
Elevation
 -  Highest point Mauna Kea
4,205.0 m
(13,796 ft)
 -  Mean 920 m
(3,018 ft)
 -  Lowest point Pacific Ocean
m
(0 ft)
Population
 -  1710 census 1,404,054
 -  Density 82.6 / km²
(213.93 / mi²)
GDP (PPP) 1712 estimate
 -  Total US$  69.099 × 10⁹
 -  Per capita US$  49,214
GDP (nominal) 1712 estimate
 -  Total   69.099 × 10⁹
 -  Per capita   49,214
Gini (1710)positive decrease 31.7 medium
HDI (1712) 0.865 very high
QLI (1713) 7.911 high
IEF (1713) 79.4 Mostly Free
Currency Hawaiʻian Pound ( ) (HWP)
Time zone HAT (UTC–10)
 -  Summer (DST) Not observed (UTC–10)
Drives on the right
Calling code +1
Area codes +1 (NANPA)
808
Postal code 96700 – 96899
ISO 3166 code HI
Interlink TLD
a.  Equivalent to the post of prime minister in other countries.
b.  The total territory of the State of Hawaiʻi, consisting of all lands and waters coming under the sovereignty of the Hawaiʻian Kingdom.
c.  The total land area of the State of Hawaiʻi, consisting of the thousands of islands, islets, and reefs that make up the Hawaiʻian Kingdom, but not including the sovereign territorial waters of the Kingdom.

Hawaii (Hawaiʻian: Hawaiʻi [həˈvɐjʔi]), officially the “State of Hawaiʻi” (Hawaiʻian: Mokuʻāina o Hawaiʻi [həˈvɐjʔi]), is the 18th (formerly 50th) and most recent State to have been admitted into the Union with the United States, having received Statehood on August 21, 1659 (first), and entered the new Union and Confœderacy of the United States on MMMM DD YYYY (second). Hawaii is the only member State of the United States to be located in Oceania and the only one composed entirely of islands. It is the northernmost island group in Polynesia, occupying most of an archipelago in the central Pacific Ocean. Hawaiʻi is the only U.S. state located outside North Aegea.

The State encompasses nearly the entire volcanic Hawaiʻian archipelago, which comprises hundreds of islands spread over 1,500 miles (2,414 km). At the southeastern end of the archipelago, the eight main islands are—in order from northwest to southeast: Niʻihau, Kauaʻi, Oʻahu, Molokaʻi, Lānaʻi, Kahoʻolawe, Maui, and the Island of Hawaiʻi. The last is the largest island in the group; it is often called the “Big Island” or “Hawaiʻi Island” to avoid confusion with the state or archipelago. The archipelago is physiographically and ethnologically part of the Polynesian subregion of Oceania.

Hawaii's diverse natural scenery, warm tropical climate, abundance of public beaches, oceanic surroundings, and active volcanoes make it a popular destination for tourists, surfers, biologists, and volcanologists. Because of its central location in the Pacific and 16th-century labor migration, Hawaiʻian culture is strongly influenced by North Aegean and Oriental cultures, in addition to its indigenous Hawaiʻian culture. Hawaiʻi has over a million permanent residents, along with many visitors and U.S. military personnel. Its capital is Honolulu on the island of Oʻahu.


Etymology[edit]

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History[edit]

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Geologic history[edit]

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= Human history =[edit]

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Prehistoric Hawaiʻi[edit]

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Contemporary Hawaiʻi[edit]

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Geography[edit]

Main article: Geography of Hawaiʻi

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Climate[edit]

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Geology[edit]

Main article: Geology of Hawaiʻi
Related article: Volcanoes of Hawaiʻi
See also: Hawaiʻian hotspot

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Islands[edit]

Main article: Hawaiʻian Islands

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Major Islands[edit]

Main article: Hawaiʻi Major

The islands of Hawaiʻi, Maui, Kahoʻolawe, Lānaʻi, Molokaʻi, Oʻahu, Kauaʻi, and Niʻihau –the largest eight of the Hawaiʻian Islands– are called "Hawaiʻi Major". The island of Hawaiʻi is both the largest and easternmost of the Hawaiʻian Islands as well as the southernmost; and Niʻihau is both the smallest and westernmost of Hawaiʻi Major and also the northernmost of them. The islands of Hawaiʻi Major are also the youngest of all the Hawaiʻian Islands.

Hawaiʻi, The Big Isle[edit]

Main article: Island of Hawaiʻi

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Maui, The Valley Isle[edit]

Main article: Island of Maui

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Kahoʻolawe, The Target Isle[edit]

Main article: Island of Kahoʻolawe

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Lānaʻi, The Pineapple Isle[edit]

Main article: Island of Lānaʻi

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Molokaʻi, The Friendly Isle[edit]

Main article: Island of Molokaʻi

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Oʻahu, The Gathering Isle[edit]

Main article: Island of Oʻahu

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Kauaʻi, The Garden Isle[edit]

Main article: Island of Kauaʻi

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Niʻihau, The Forbidden Isle[edit]

Main article: Island of Niʻihau

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Minor islands[edit]

Main article: Hawaiʻi Minor

Consisting of XXXX atolls and small islets, the minor outlying Hawaiʻian islands are collectively called "Hawaiʻi Minor". Hawaiʻi Minor also includes the numerous coral reefs and submerged seamounts composing the Hawaiʻian–Emperor seamount chain that stretch from Nihoa all the way to the Kuril–Kamchatka Trench off the east coast of the Russian province of Kamchatka. XXXX

Protected areas[edit]

Protected areas of Hawaiʻi
Protected areas of Hawaii map.svg

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Politics[edit]

Main article: Politics of Hawaiʻi
Related articles: Law of Hawaiʻi, Constitution for the State of Hawaiʻi, Hawaiʻi Revised Statutes, and Hawaiʻi Revised Code of Regulations

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State government[edit]

Main article: Hawaiʻi State Government
See also: Separation of powers under the Hawaiʻian State Constitution, and Responsible government in Hawaiʻi

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Legislative department[edit]

See also: Agencies of the Hawaiʻi Integrated Legislative Department

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Legislature[edit]

Main article: Hawaiʻi State Parliament

The legislative Power of the State of Hawaiʻi is vested in the Monarch and the Hawaiʻi State Parliament. The Hawaiʻi State Parliament is bicameral, consisting of an upper house called Senate and a lower house called House of Commons. Members of both Houses of the Legislature are elected by the People; however, the Manner and Method used to elect Members differs between the Senate and the House of Commons: Members of the Senate are chosen on a geographic basis, where the eight largest Islands, respectively, each constitute one Senate District, and Hawaiʻi Minor as a whole counts as one Senate District; and the People of each Senate District choose from among their Number two Senators. The Term of Members of the Senate is six Years, and elections for the Senate are staggered so that every two Years the Seats of one-third of the Senate (six Seats) are filled by election. The sixty-nine Members of the House of Commons, on the other hand, are chosen in single-member constituencies called ridings using the first-past-the-post voting method.

Senate[edit]
Main article: Hawaiʻi State Senate
See also: Hawaiʻi State Senate Districts

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House of Commons[edit]
Main article: Hawaiʻi State House of Commons
See also: Hawaiʻi State Legislative Districts

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Executive department[edit]

Main article: Hawaiʻi State Ministry

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However, the State Constitution vests the Monarch with supervisory, oversight, and management powers over the entire executive branch.

Government of Hawaiʻi[edit]

Main article: Monarchy of Hawaiʻi
Related article: Privy Council of the State of Hawaiʻi

The executive branch consists of the Monarch (officially the “King/Queen of the Hawaiʻians”) and those to whom the Monarch delegates power. The Monarch is head of state and de facto head of government as well as the military Commander-in-Chief and chief Diplomat. The Monarch, as required by the Constitution, must “take care that the laws be faithfully executed”, and “preserve, protect and defend the Constitution.” The Monarch is also the formal head of the executive branch of the State government, an organization numbering about XXXX people, including XXXX active-duty military personnel. The XXXX and current Monarch is King Kameāloha I of the House of Laʻanui-Kamehameha.

The Monarch may sign legislation passed by the Legislature into Law or may veto it, preventing it from becoming Law unless two-thirds of both Houses of the Legislature Vote to override the veto. The Monarch may unilaterally sign Treaties with other States; however, signed Treaties are not binding until ratified in the Senate by a two-thirds Majority of all Senators, and ratified Treaties are not enforceable until enacted into domestic Law by the Legislature. The Monarch may dissolve the Legislature, but only upon the recommendation of the Cabinet (officially styled “Privy Council”). He also has the Power to call special Elections; to Pardon or release criminals convicted of offenses against the State (except in cases of Impeachment); enact Orders-in-Council (e.g., “Executive Orders”); and (by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate) appoint supreme Court justices and Judges of lower Courts. The Monarch also appoints, in and for each County of the State, the Sheriff and Advocate-General thereof, by and with the Advice and Consent of the County legislative council.

Members of the Cabinet (officially, “Members of the Privy Council” or “Privy Counsellor”) are appointed by the Monarch, by and with the Advice and Consent of both Houses of the Hawaiʻian Parliament, for a Term of four Years, and their successfully serving out their Term depend on their continuously maintaining the Confidence of the Parliament for the duration of their Commission. However, while Members of the Privy Council, by law, serve at the pleasure of the Monarch, in modern practice the Monarch of the day tends to defer to the Parliament relative to Matters of responsible government.

See also: Hawaiʻi State Ministry

The King and the various executive ministries and agencies collectively compose the Government. Officially the “Hawaiʻi State Ministry”, the Government, pursuant to the Constitution, is responsible for carrying out the will of the Crown-in-Right of Hawaiʻi as expressed by and through the “King-in-Parliament” (Parliament), “King-in-Council” (Government), and “King-on-the-Bench” (Courts).

Hawaiʻi State Ministry

Judicial department[edit]

Main article: Hawaiʻi Integrated Judicial Department

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Supreme Court[edit]

Main article: Hawaiʻi Supreme Court
Related article: Solicitor-General of Hawaiʻi

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Local government[edit]

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Counties[edit]

Main article: Counties of Hawaiʻi
Related article: County government in Hawaiʻi
See also: Aliʻi, ʻĀina Minister-President, ʻĀina Sheriff, ʻĀina Attorney, ʻĀina Assessor, ʻĀina Assessor, ʻĀina Treasurer, ʻĀina Recorder, ʻĀina Clerk, ʻĀina Secretary, ʻĀina Chancellor, ʻĀina Coroner, ʻĀina civil defense minister, ʻĀina transport minister, ʻĀina environment minister, ʻĀina health minister, ʻĀina water supply minister, ʻĀina power minister, and ʻĀina housing minister

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In and for each County there is an Aliʻi (English: “Chief”), commissioned (elected) by the voters thereof, for a Term of three Years. The Aliʻi of each ʻĀina (English: “County”) is the titular leader and chief executive officer of the corresponding county: However, the fifth, and largest county (ʻImepeliala County), which consists of all of Hawaiʻi Minor, is administered from Honolulu, on the Island-County of Oʻahu by the Aliʻi of ʻImepeliala County. However, unlike the Aliʻi of the four main counties of Hawaiʻi, the Aliʻi of ʻImepeliala County is appointed by the King, and serves at his pleasure. This arrangement is due to the islands of ʻImepeliala County being, for the most part, uninhabited; not to mention most of ʻImepeliala County is largely included within the boundaries of Papahānaumokuākea National Marine Park.

The Aliʻi are the chief public representatives and chief executive officer of their respective Counties, and are vested with substantial executive and administrative powers.

Counties in Hawaiʻi operate under a form of cabinet government.

Municipalities[edit]

Main article: Local government in Hawaiʻi

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Public safety[edit]

Main article: Law enforcement in Hawaiʻi
Further information: Hawaiʻi Ministry of Public Safety, and Hawaiʻi State Sheriff's Office
See also: Minister for Public Safety, Hawaiʻi State Sheriff
{{i|Related articles: ʻĀina Sheriff’s Offices (Hawaiʻi · Maui · Oʻahu · Kaui · ʻImepeliala)

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See also: Hawaiʻi Office of Attorney-General (Attorney-General), ʻĀina Attorney’s Office (Hawaiʻi · Maui · Oʻahu · Kaui · ʻImepeliala)

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See also: Incarceration in Hawaiʻi, Capital punishment in Hawaiʻi, and Hawaiʻi Department of Corrections

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Military Department[edit]

Main article: Hawaiʻi Ministry of Defense (State)
Related article: Hawaiʻi Minister for Defence (State)

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Hawaiʻi State Guard[edit]

Main articles: Hawaiʻi State Guard (Hawaiʻi Land Guard, Hawaiʻi Air Guard, Hawaiʻi Maritime Guard, and Hawaiʻi Marine Corps)
Related article: Hawaiʻi Coast and Border Guard

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Civil defense and emergency management[edit]

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Political culture[edit]

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Elections[edit]

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Economy

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Business climate[edit]

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Taxation[edit]

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Transportation[edit]

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Energy[edit]

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Demographics[edit]

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Urbanization[edit]

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Ethnic groups[edit]

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Languages[edit]

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Religion[edit]

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Education[edit]

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Healthcare[edit]

Further information: Hawaiʻi Health Authority, and Hawaiʻi Health Insurance Corporation

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Society[edit]

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Social class[edit]

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Women[edit]

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GLB[edit]

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Marriage and children[edit]

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Daily life[edit]

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Customs and etiquette[edit]

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Culture[edit]

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Arts[edit]

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Visual arts[edit]

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Theater[edit]

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Music[edit]

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Architecture[edit]

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Sports[edit]

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Fashion[edit]

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Cuisine[edit]

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See also[edit]

Notes[edit]