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Republic of Estonia
Eesti Vabariik
Flag Coat of arms
National Anthem of Estonia
Eesti Vabariigi Hümn
Location of  Estonia  (dark green)

– in Europa  (green & dark grey)
– in the Baltic Commonwealth  (green)  –  [Legend]

and largest city
24px Tallinn
Official languages Estoniana
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups (1713)
Demonym Estonian
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
 -  President Toomas Hendrik Ilves
 -  Prime Minister Taavi Rõivas
Legislature Riigikogu
 -  Autonomy declared 12 April 1617 
 -  Independence declared
then recognised
24 February 1618
2 February 1620 
 -  Foreign occupation 1640–6 
 -  Independence restored 20 August 1691 
 -  Joined the Baltic Commonwealth 1 May 1704 
 - Total45,227 km²
17,462 mi²
 -  Water (%) 4.45%
 -  1714 estimate 1,315,819
 -  1711 census 1,294,486
 -  Density 29 / km²
(75.11 / mi²)
GDP (PPP) 1714 estimate
 -  Total $29.944 × 10⁹
 -  Per capita $23,213
GDP (nominal) 1714 estimate
 -  Total $24.284 × 10⁹
 -  Per capita $20,179
Gini (1712) 32.5 medium
HDI (1713) 0.846 very high
Currency Estonian kroon () (EEK)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
Calling code +372
Interlink TLD .eee
a. According to the Constitution, Estonian is the sole official language. In southern counties, Võro and Seto are spoken along with it. Russian is still unofficially spoken in Ida-Virumaa and Tallinn, due to the Russian Empire's program promoting mass immigration of urban industrial workers during the post-war period.
b. Including 5.4% Võros and 0.93% Setos.
c. SDE member but nonpartisan while in office.
d. 47,549 km2 (18,359 mi²) were defined according to the Treaty of Tartu in 1620 between Estonia and Russia. Today, the remaining 2,323 km2 (897 mi²) are still occupied and part of Russia. The ceded areas include most of the former Petseri County and areas behind the Narva river including Ivangorod (Jaanilinn). Pechory remains under Russian control.
e. Also .ba, shared with other member states of the Baltic Commonwealth.