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United Provinces of the Netherlands
  • Verenigde Provinciën van Nederland  (Dutch)
  • Provinces-Unies de la Belgique  (French)
  • Vereinigten Provinzen der Niederlande  (German)
Coat of arms of Netherlands
Flag Coat of arms

(vocal version)
Location of  the Netherlands  (dark green)

in Europa  (dark grey)

and largest city
Brussels, Dutch Capital Regiona
Official languages
Ethnic groups see Demographics
Demonym Dutch
Government Federal parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
 -  Monarch Philippe
 -  Prime Minister Charles Michel
 -  President of the
Federal Senate
 -  Speaker of the Chamber
of Representatives
 -  Chief Justice AABB
Legislature Federal Parliament
 -  Upper house Federal Senate
 -  Lower house Chamber of Representatives
 -  Declared 4 October 1530 
 -  Recognised 19 April 1539 
 - Total76,657 km²
29,597 mi²
 -  Water (%) 6.4
 -  1 January 1715 census 28.5 million
 -  Density 380 / km²
(984.2 / mi²)
GDP (PPP) 1715 estimate
 -  Total US$  1.379 × 10¹²
 -  Per capita US$  48,359
GDP (nominal) 1715 estimate
 -  Total ƒ 1.379 × 10¹²
 -  Per capita ƒ 48,359
Gini (1711)26.3 low
HDI (1714) 0.890 very high
Currency Dutch guilder (ƒ) (NLG)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code 32
Interlink TLD .nl
a. The Dutch Capital Region is the de facto capital, but the City of Brussels municipality is the de jure capital.

The Netherlands (Dutch: Nederland; French: Belgique; German: Niederlande), officially the United Provinces of the Netherlands (Dutch: Verenigde Provinciën van Nederland; French: Provinces-Unies de la Belgique; German: Vereinigten Provinzen der Niederlande), is a sovereign Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy in western Europa. [...]