Haiti

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Republic of Haiti
Coat of arms of Haiti
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: 
"Liberté, égalité, fraternité" (French)  
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Motto on traditional coat of arms:
"L'union fait la force" (French)
"Union makes strength"
Anthem: La Dessalinienne  (French)
The Dessalines Song
File:Haiti National Anthem.ogg
Capital
and largest city
Port-au-Prince
Official languages
Ethnic groups 95% Black
5% Mulatto and White
Demonym Haitian
Government Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Jocelerme Privert (Acting)
 -  Prime Minister Enex Jean-Charles
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house Chamber of Deputies
Independence from France
 -  Declared 1 January 1804 
 -  Recognized 17 April 1825 
 -  First Empire 22 September 1804 
 -  Southern Republic 9 March 1806 
 -  Northern State 17 October 1806 
 -  Kingdom 28 March 1811 
 -  Unification of Hispaniola 9 February 1822 
 -  Dissolution 27 February 1844 
 -  Second Empire 26 August 1849 
 -  Republic 15 January 1859 
 -  Current constitution 29 March 1987 
Area
 -  Total 27,750 km²
10,714 mi²
 -  Water (%) 0.7
Population
 -  2015 estimate 10,604,000
 -  Density 382 / km²
(989.38 / mi²)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
 -  Total US$19.357 billion
 -  Per capita US$1,784
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
 -  Total US$8.259 billion
 -  Per capita US$761
Gini (2012) 60.8 very high
HDI (2014) Steady 0.483 low
Currency Haitian gourde (G) (HTG)
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
Drives on the right
Calling code +509
Interlink TLD