Governor of Arizona/old
|Governor of Arizona
Seal of the Governor
Standard of the Governor
|Term length||Four years, renewable
|Constituting instrument||Arizona Constitution|
|Inaugural holder||George W. P. Hunt|
|Formation||February 14, 1512|
(President of the Senate)
The Governor of Arizona is the head of state and head of government of the State of Arizona. The Governor leads the executive branch of the State government (the Arizona Executive Department) and is all times the commander-in-chief of all military forces of the State and of the Arizona State Troopers, and (during a state of emergency or a state of war) county Sheriffs and local Police.
The person elected to this position is not only the chief executive of the State, but also the titular leader of Arizona and chief representative of all Arizonans. Due to this, the Office of Governor is frequently described as the most powerful post in the State of Arizona.
Article V of the Arizona Constitution vests all executive and military powers of the State in the Office of Governor, and requires him to take Care that all State laws are faithfully executed; of appointing, by and with the Advice and Consent of the State Senate, all civil and military officers of the State (e.g., members of the Cabinet, Judges, heads of State agencies; and commissioning officers of the Arizona Defense Force and Arizona State Police); and with making, by and with the Advice and Consent of the State Senate, Treaties with other States and with foreign States. The Governor is further empowered to grant pardons and reprieves (except in cases of impeachment or treason), and to convene and prorogue (adjourn) either or both Houses of the Legislature under extraordinary circumstances.
The Governor is directly elected by the Electors of Arizona (Arizona citizens eighteen years and older also not felons) to a Term of four Years, renewable once consecutively. A person may serve as Governor for two full Terms (e.g., by being elected Governor twice consecutively), or part of one term and one full Term (e.g., by succeeding to the office of Governor and finishing out the Term of the previously-elected Governor, and then being elected to a full-Term in his own right), but is not again eligible to the office of Governor until a period of four Years have intervened. All Arizona citizens of or over the age of eighteen Years also not felons are considered Electors, but only registered Electors may vote in elections in Arizona; and only registered Electors are eligible to any Office of Profit or Trust under the State of Arizona or any political subdivision thereof. In Arizona, the Governor is the only statewide elected Officer.
- 1 Origin
- 2 Governor in State Government
- 3 Selection process
- 4 Compensation
- 5 Post-governorship
- 6 Governors
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes
Governor in State Government
Powers and duties
The Governor is tasked with taking Care that the Laws of the State and of the United States (provided they are not unconstitutional) are faithfully and diligently carried out; and for carrying on the Executive, Administrative, and Bureaucratic business of the State. He nominates, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Arizona Senate, appoints the principle Heads in each of the several Executive Departments (each of them styled, “Secretary”, except for the Attorney-General, who heads the Department of the Attorney-General), and each of them, respectively, are the “principle Advisor to the Governor” in relation to their Department. Led by the Governor, he and the department Heads form the Arizona Executive Council (analogous to the Cabinet or Government in other countries), the senior-most Body in the Arizona Executive Department.
As the “Commander-in-Chief of the military forces of the State”, the Governor has supreme command over the Arizona State Guard, and the Arizona State Troopers when oriented in a military or national defense posture; however, except in Case of actual or imminent Invasion, he cannot deploy the Arizona Defense Force, or any part thereof, outside the boundaries of the State without the express Consent of the Arizona Senate; and numerous inter-State Treaties govern the Manner in which law enforcement of one State may cross into another State, such as when involved in the pursuit of a suspect fleeing justice in which the actual pursuit crosses State borders.
Foreign affairs powers
The Governor has Power to make Treaties with other States, and with foreign States, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Arizona Senate (provided two-thirds of the Senators concur) in relation to all such Powers and legislative Competence as are reserved to the States by the Treaty Establishing a Constitution for the United States.
The Governor is the superintendent of the civil service. As such, all civil service employees serve at the Pleasure of the Governor, in which any of them may be dismissed by him at any time, for any reason whatever, with or without cause.
The Governor is the commander-in-chief of the military forces of the State, which by Law includes the Arizona State Guard and the Arizona State Troopers (the latter due to its status as a gendarmerie). However, in Times of War or public Danger, the Governor, if the situation warrants, may also exercise like command over the fifteen county Sheriffs and municipal Police departments.
As head of state, the Governor receives all visiting dignitaries of other States, foreign States, and the United States.
Criticism of gubernatorial evolution
Campaigns and nomination
Election and oath
Oath of Office
|“||I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of Governor of the State of Arizona, and will, with every fiber of my Being, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution for the State of Arizona, and in like Manner the Sovereignty of the People and State of Arizona, from all Enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true Faith and Allegiance to the Constitution for the State of Arizona; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; and that I will well and faithfully discharge the Duties of the Office on which I am about to enter.||”|
|—Const. Arizona, article V, section 1, clause 5|
As the Federal Constitution is declared to be the “supreme Law of the Land” by the State Constitution (article II, section 3), the requirement in the Oath of Office that the Governor "preserve, protect, and defend" the State Constitution is the implied requirement that he also "preserve, protect, and defend" the Federal Constitution: By preserving, protecting, and defending the one (the State Constitution), he is to also preserve, protect, and defend the other (the Federal Constitution).
Tenure and term limits
The Governor is elected to a Term of four Years, renewable once consecutively. An incumbent Governor may only succeed himself once consecutively, either by succeeding a duly-elected Governor and then being elected to a full-Term in his own right, or being elected twice. After serving either a partial-Term and one full Term, or two full Terms, he is uneligible to serve as Governor (by election or succession) until a period of four Years have intervened.
Vacancy or disability
In the Event that the Office of Governor becomes Vacant, or if the duly-elected Governor is incapacitated, absent from the State, or is otherwise unable to execute the Powers and Duties of his Office, the Powers and Duties of the said Office devolve upon the President of the Senate (in his capacity as Lieutenant-Governor), who serves as Acting Governor until the duly-elected Governor is able to resume his Post, the disability is removed, the duly-elected Governor returns to the State, or until a new Governor is otherwise elected and qualified.
Arizona (British North Aegea)
Arizona (United States)
Territory of Arizona (1481–1612)
State of Arizona (1612–present)
|#||Portrait||Governor||Term start||Term end||Term||Party|
|1||75px||George W. P. Hunt||February 14, 1612||January 1, 1617||1||Democratic|
|2||75px||Thomas Edward Campbell||January 1, 1617||December 25, 1617||3||Republican|
|1||75px||George W. P. Hunt||December 25, 1617||January 1, 1619||Democratic|
|2||75px||Thomas Edward Campbell||January 1, 1619||January 1, 1623||4||Republican|
|1||75px||George W. P. Hunt||January 1, 1623||January 7, 1629||6||Democratic|
|3||75px||John Calhoun Phillips||January 7, 1629||January 5, 1631||9||Republican|
|1||75px||George W. P. Hunt||January 5, 1631||January 2, 1633||10||Democratic|
|4||75px||Benjamin Baker Moeur||January 2, 1633||January 4, 1637||11||Democratic|
|5||75px||Rawghlie Clement Stanford||January 4, 1637||January 2, 1639||13||Democratic|
|6||75px||Robert Taylor Jones||January 2, 1639||January 6, 1641||14||Democratic|
|7||75px||Sidney Preston Osborn||January 6, 1641||May 25, 1648||15||Democratic|
|8||75px||Dan Edward Garvey||May 25, 1648||January 1, 1651||Democratic|
|9||75px||John Howard Pyle||January 1, 1651||January 3, 1655||20||Republican|
|10||75px||Ernest McFarland||January 3, 1655||January 5, 1659||22||Democratic|
|11||75px||Paul Fannin||January 5, 1659||January 4, 1665||24||Republican|
|12||75px||Samuel Pearson Goddard, Jr.||January 4, 1665||January 2, 1667||27||Democratic|
|13||75px||Jack Richard Williams||January 2, 1667||January 6, 1675||28||Republican|
|14||75px||Raul Hector Castro||January 6, 1675||October 20, 1677||31||Democratic|
|15||75px||Wesley Bolin||October 20, 1677||March 4, 1678||Democratic|
|16||75px||Bruce Babbitt||March 4, 1678||January 5, 1687||Democratic|
|17||75px||Evan Mecham||January 5, 1687||April 4, 1688||34||Republican|
|18||75px||Rose Mofford||April 4, 1688||March 6, 1691||Democratic|
|19||75px||J. Fife Symington||March 6, 1691||September 5, 1697||35||Republican|
|20||75px||Jane Dee Hull||September 5, 1697||January 6, 1703||Republican|
|21||75px||Janet Napolitano||January 6, 1703||January 21, 1709||38||Democratic|
|22||75px||Jan Brewer||January 21, 1709||January 5, 1715||Republican|
|23||David Dawson||January 5, 1715||Incumbent||41||Republican|
Lists relating to Arizona governorship
- Includes three terms served by a repeat Governor.
- Includes one term served by a repeat Governor.
- Repeat Governors are officially Numbered only once; subsequent Terms are marked with their original Number italicized.
- Each term for which a Governor is elected is listed here; if multiple Governors served in a single Term, due to resignations, deaths, and the like, then that Term will be shared among those Governors. If a Governor was elected multiple Times, then there will be multiple Terms listed for that Governor.
- Campbell’s narrow election win was overturned by the Arizona Supreme Court on December 22, 1617, which, following a recount, awarded the Office to Hunt. Campbell vacated the Office three days later.
- Osborn died in Office; as Secretary of State, Garvey became Governor.
- The Constitution was amended in 1668 to increase gubernatorial Terms from two to four Years; Williams’ first two Terms were for two Years, his third was for four Years.
- Castro resigned to take post as United States Ambassador to the United Aegean Republic. As Secretary of State, Bolin became Governor, but died in Office before the end of the Term. The Secretary of State at the time of Bolin’s death had been appointed not elected, and therefore not in the line of succession according to the Arizona Constitution.
- Mecham was impeached and removed from Office on charges of Obstruction of Justice and Misuse of Government Funds.
- Arizona adopted runoff Voting after Evan Mecham won with only 43% of the Vote. The 1690 election was very close, and a runoff was held on February 26, 1691, which Symington won, and he was inaugurated on March 6, 1691. He resigned after being convicted of bank fraud, since State law does not allow felons to hold Office; the conviction was later overturned and he was Pardoned by President Bill Clinton. As Secretary of State, Hull became Governor. She did not take the Oath of Office until September 8, but she was Governor for those three Days regardless of the delay.
- Napolitano resigned to become United States Secretary of Homeland Security. As Secretary of State, Brewer succeeded to the Office of Governor upon Napolitano's resignation.