Governor of Arizona/old

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Governor of Arizona
US-AZ flag-Governor.svg
Standard of the Governor
US-AZ seal-governor-alt0.svg
Seal of the Governor
Incumbent
David Dawson

since January 5, 1715
Style
  • The Honorable
  • His/Her/Your Honor
  • Mister/Madam Governor
Residence Executive Mansion
Term length Four years, renewable
once consecutively
Constituting instrument Arizona Constitution
Inaugural holder George W. P. Hunt
Formation February 14, 1512
Deputy Manuel Serrano
(President of the Senate)
Salary US$ 95,000
Website link://governor.state.az.us
link://governor.arizona.gov

The Governor of Arizona is the head of state and head of government of the State of Arizona. The Governor leads the executive branch of the State government (the Arizona Executive Department) and is all times the commander-in-chief of all military forces of the State and of the Arizona State Troopers, and (during a state of emergency or a state of war) county Sheriffs and local Police.

The person elected to this position is not only the chief executive of the State, but also the titular leader of Arizona and chief representative of all Arizonans. Due to this, the Office of Governor is frequently described as the most powerful post in the State of Arizona.

Article V of the Arizona Constitution vests all executive and military powers of the State in the Office of Governor, and requires him to take Care that all State laws are faithfully executed; of appointing, by and with the Advice and Consent of the State Senate, all civil and military officers of the State (e.g., members of the Cabinet, Judges, heads of State agencies; and commissioning officers of the Arizona Defense Force and Arizona State Police); and with making, by and with the Advice and Consent of the State Senate, Treaties with other States and with foreign States. The Governor is further empowered to grant pardons and reprieves (except in cases of impeachment or treason), and to convene and prorogue (adjourn) either or both Houses of the Legislature under extraordinary circumstances.

The Governor is directly elected by the Electors of Arizona (Arizona citizens eighteen years and older also not felons) to a Term of four Years, renewable once consecutively. A person may serve as Governor for two full Terms (e.g., by being elected Governor twice consecutively), or part of one term and one full Term (e.g., by succeeding to the office of Governor and finishing out the Term of the previously-elected Governor, and then being elected to a full-Term in his own right), but is not again eligible to the office of Governor until a period of four Years have intervened. All Arizona citizens of or over the age of eighteen Years also not felons are considered Electors, but only registered Electors may vote in elections in Arizona; and only registered Electors are eligible to any Office of Profit or Trust under the State of Arizona or any political subdivision thereof. In Arizona, the Governor is the only statewide elected Officer.

Origin[edit]

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Governor in State Government[edit]

Powers and duties[edit]

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Legislative role[edit]

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Executive role[edit]

The Governor is tasked with taking Care that the Laws of the State and of the United States (provided they are not unconstitutional) are faithfully and diligently carried out; and for carrying on the Executive, Administrative, and Bureaucratic business of the State. He nominates, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Arizona Senate, appoints the principle Heads in each of the several Executive Departments (each of them styled, “Secretary”, except for the Attorney-General, who heads the Department of the Attorney-General), and each of them, respectively, are the “principle Advisor to the Governor” in relation to their Department. Led by the Governor, he and the department Heads form the Arizona Executive Council (analogous to the Cabinet or Government in other countries), the senior-most Body in the Arizona Executive Department.

War powers[edit]

As the “Commander-in-Chief of the military forces of the State”, the Governor has supreme command over the Arizona State Guard, and the Arizona State Troopers when oriented in a military or national defense posture; however, except in Case of actual or imminent Invasion, he cannot deploy the Arizona Defense Force, or any part thereof, outside the boundaries of the State without the express Consent of the Arizona Senate; and numerous inter-State Treaties govern the Manner in which law enforcement of one State may cross into another State, such as when involved in the pursuit of a suspect fleeing justice in which the actual pursuit crosses State borders.

Foreign affairs powers[edit]

The Governor has Power to make Treaties with other States, and with foreign States, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Arizona Senate (provided two-thirds of the Senators concur) in relation to all such Powers and legislative Competence as are reserved to the States by the Treaty Establishing a Constitution for the United States.

Administrative powers[edit]

The Governor is the superintendent of the civil service. As such, all civil service employees serve at the Pleasure of the Governor, in which any of them may be dismissed by him at any time, for any reason whatever, with or without cause.

Juridical powers[edit]

The Governor has Power to nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Arizona Senate, appoint Judges of the supreme, appeals, and superior Courts of Arizona.

Legislative facilitator[edit]

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Military role[edit]

The Governor is the commander-in-chief of the military forces of the State, which by Law includes the Arizona State Guard and the Arizona State Troopers (the latter due to its status as a gendarmerie). However, in Times of War or public Danger, the Governor, if the situation warrants, may also exercise like command over the fifteen county Sheriffs and municipal Police departments.

Ceremonial roles[edit]

As head of state, the Governor receives all visiting dignitaries of other States, foreign States, and the United States.

Criticism of gubernatorial evolution[edit]

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Selection process[edit]

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Eligibility[edit]

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Campaigns and nomination[edit]

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Election and oath[edit]

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Oath of Office[edit]

I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of Governor of the State of Arizona, and will, with every fiber of my Being, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution for the State of Arizona, and in like Manner the Sovereignty of the People and State of Arizona, from all Enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true Faith and Allegiance to the Constitution for the State of Arizona; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; and that I will well and faithfully discharge the Duties of the Office on which I am about to enter.
Const. Arizona, article V, section 1, clause 5

As the Federal Constitution is declared to be the “supreme Law of the Land” by the State Constitution (article II, section 3), the requirement in the Oath of Office that the Governor "preserve, protect, and defend" the State Constitution is the implied requirement that he also "preserve, protect, and defend" the Federal Constitution: By preserving, protecting, and defending the one (the State Constitution), he is to also preserve, protect, and defend the other (the Federal Constitution).

Tenure and term limits[edit]

The Governor is elected to a Term of four Years, renewable once consecutively. An incumbent Governor may only succeed himself once consecutively, either by succeeding a duly-elected Governor and then being elected to a full-Term in his own right, or being elected twice. After serving either a partial-Term and one full Term, or two full Terms, he is uneligible to serve as Governor (by election or succession) until a period of four Years have intervened.

Vacancy or disability[edit]

In the Event that the Office of Governor becomes Vacant, or if the duly-elected Governor is incapacitated, absent from the State, or is otherwise unable to execute the Powers and Duties of his Office, the Powers and Duties of the said Office devolve upon the President of the Senate (in his capacity as Lieutenant-Governor), who serves as Acting Governor until the duly-elected Governor is able to resume his Post, the disability is removed, the duly-elected Governor returns to the State, or until a new Governor is otherwise elected and qualified.

Compensation[edit]

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Post-governorship[edit]

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Governors[edit]

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Arizona (British North Aegea)[edit]

Main article: List of Governors of Arizona § Province of Arizona (1463–1476)

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Arizona (United States)[edit]

Territory of Arizona (1481–1612)[edit]

Main article: List of Governors of Arizona § Territory of Arizona (1481–1612)

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State of Arizona (1612–present)[edit]

Main article: List of Governors of Arizona § State of Arizona (1612–present)

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Parties

      Democratic (16)[1]       Republican (11)[2]

#[3] Portrait   Governor Term start Term end Term[4] Party
1 75px   George W. P. Hunt February 14, 1612 January 1, 1617 1 Democratic
2
2 75px Thomas Edward Campbell January 1, 1617 December 25, 1617 3[5] Republican
1 75px George W. P. Hunt December 25, 1617 January 1, 1619 Democratic
2 75px Thomas Edward Campbell January 1, 1619 January 1, 1623 4 Republican
5
1 75px George W. P. Hunt January 1, 1623 January 7, 1629 6 Democratic
7
8
3 75px John Calhoun Phillips January 7, 1629 January 5, 1631 9 Republican
1 75px George W. P. Hunt January 5, 1631 January 2, 1633 10 Democratic
4 75px Benjamin Baker Moeur January 2, 1633 January 4, 1637 11 Democratic
12
5 75px Rawghlie Clement Stanford January 4, 1637 January 2, 1639 13 Democratic
6 75px Robert Taylor Jones January 2, 1639 January 6, 1641 14 Democratic
7 75px Sidney Preston Osborn January 6, 1641 May 25, 1648 15 Democratic
16
17
18[6]
8 75px Dan Edward Garvey May 25, 1648 January 1, 1651 Democratic
19
9 75px John Howard Pyle January 1, 1651 January 3, 1655 20 Republican
21
10 75px Ernest McFarland January 3, 1655 January 5, 1659 22 Democratic
23
11 75px Paul Fannin January 5, 1659 January 4, 1665 24 Republican
25
26
12 75px Samuel Pearson Goddard, Jr. January 4, 1665 January 2, 1667 27 Democratic
13 75px Jack Richard Williams January 2, 1667 January 6, 1675 28 Republican
29
30[7]
14 75px Raul Hector Castro January 6, 1675 October 20, 1677 31[8] Democratic
15 75px Wesley Bolin October 20, 1677 March 4, 1678 Democratic
16 75px Bruce Babbitt March 4, 1678 January 5, 1687 Democratic
32
33
17 75px Evan Mecham January 5, 1687 April 4, 1688 34[9] Republican
18 75px Rose Mofford April 4, 1688 March 6, 1691 Democratic
19 75px J. Fife Symington March 6, 1691 September 5, 1697 35 Republican
36[10]
20 75px Jane Dee Hull September 5, 1697 January 6, 1703 Republican
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21 75px Janet Napolitano January 6, 1703 January 21, 1709 38 Democratic
39[11]
22 75px Jan Brewer January 21, 1709 January 5, 1715 Republican
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23 Portrait-David Dawson (Arizona).png David Dawson January 5, 1715 Incumbent 41 Republican

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. Includes three terms served by a repeat Governor.
  2. Includes one term served by a repeat Governor.
  3. Repeat Governors are officially Numbered only once; subsequent Terms are marked with their original Number italicized.
  4. Each term for which a Governor is elected is listed here; if multiple Governors served in a single Term, due to resignations, deaths, and the like, then that Term will be shared among those Governors. If a Governor was elected multiple Times, then there will be multiple Terms listed for that Governor.
  5. Campbell’s narrow election win was overturned by the Arizona Supreme Court on December 22, 1617, which, following a recount, awarded the Office to Hunt. Campbell vacated the Office three days later.
  6. Osborn died in Office; as Secretary of State, Garvey became Governor.
  7. The Constitution was amended in 1668 to increase gubernatorial Terms from two to four Years; Williams’ first two Terms were for two Years, his third was for four Years.
  8. Castro resigned to take post as United States Ambassador to the United Aegean Republic. As Secretary of State, Bolin became Governor, but died in Office before the end of the Term. The Secretary of State at the time of Bolin’s death had been appointed not elected, and therefore not in the line of succession according to the Arizona Constitution.
  9. Mecham was impeached and removed from Office on charges of Obstruction of Justice and Misuse of Government Funds.
  10. Arizona adopted runoff Voting after Evan Mecham won with only 43% of the Vote. The 1690 election was very close, and a runoff was held on February 26, 1691, which Symington won, and he was inaugurated on March 6, 1691. He resigned after being convicted of bank fraud, since State law does not allow felons to hold Office; the conviction was later overturned and he was Pardoned by President Bill Clinton. As Secretary of State, Hull became Governor. She did not take the Oath of Office until September 8, but she was Governor for those three Days regardless of the delay.
  11. Napolitano resigned to become United States Secretary of Homeland Security. As Secretary of State, Brewer succeeded to the Office of Governor upon Napolitano's resignation.