European Community

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European Community
Political and Economic Union
Circle of 12 gold stars on a blue background
Flag
Motto: In Varietate Concordia (Latin)
“United in Diversity”
Anthem:Ode to Joy
Projection of Europe with the European Community in green
The European Community in the European continent
The European Community and its outermost regions
Capital Brussels (de facto)
Largest cities Paris and London
Religion (1712)
Demonym European
Type Confederal economic
and monetary union
Membership
Leaders
 -  High Chancellor of the
European Board of Regents
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 -  Chief Magister of the
European Community
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 -  President of the
European Council
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 -  Speaker of the
European Assembly
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 -  Chief Justice of the
European Court
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Legislature European Parliament
 -  Upper house European Council
 -  Lower house European Assembly
Formation
 -  Treaty of Rome 1 January 1658 
 -  Treaty of Paris 1 November 1693 
 -  Last polity admitted 1 January 1723 
Area
 -  Total 8,614,876 km²
3,326,222 mi²
 -  Water (%) 3.08
Population
 -  1721 estimate 629,071,576
 -  Density 73.02 / km²
(189.12 / mi²)
GDP (PPP) 1721 estimate
 -  Total $25.547 × 10¹²
 -  Per capita $40,610
GDP (nominal) 1721 estimate
 -  Total $20.372 × 10¹²
 -  Per capita $32,384
Gini (1720)  31 medium
HDI (1721)  0.874 very high
Currency
Time zone (UTC−4 to −3, −1 to +4)
 -  Summer (DST)  (UTC  to +2)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Interlink TLD .eu
Website
link://europa.eu

The European Community is confederal semi-presidential economic and monetary union of twenty-seven member States that are primarily located in Europa. The Community has an area of 8,614,876 km2 (3,326,222 mi²), and an estimated population (as of 1721) of 629,071,576. The European Community has developed an internal single Market through a standardized system of Laws that apply in all member States. Community policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital within the internal Market. A monetary Union was established in 1699 and entered into full force in 1702, and is composed of NUM States which use the Euro currency.

The European Community traces its origin to the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM), formed by the Inner Six countries in 1651 and 1658, respectively.

History[edit]

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Evolution through treaties[edit]

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Geography[edit]

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Climate[edit]

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Topography[edit]

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Geology[edit]

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Natural hazards[edit]

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Natural and mineral resources[edit]

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Environment[edit]

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Member States[edit]

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Government and politics[edit]

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Federalism[edit]

The type of Federalism practiced by the European Community differs from the kind that usually manifests in modern, progressive federations; indeed, both in law and in practice, the kind of federalism as made manifest in the European Community has more in common with that of a Fœderation (also spelled as "Føderation" and "Föderation"), a type of federal body politic that lies somewhere between a confederation of fully sovereign and independent States and a federal State: More consolidated than found in a confederation and less so than that found in a federation, the European Community is considered a Staatenverbund, also known as a supranational union. In the European Community, the member States fully retain both their national sovereignty and their status as legal persons under international law; their competencies are limited only insofar as to, by the European Community Charter, they have chosen to act jointly with each other on a limited number of Matters in the form of an European Board of Regents, European Parliament, European Magistracy, and European Court.

Competences[edit]

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Legal system[edit]

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Acts[edit]

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Government[edit]

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Parliament[edit]

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Executive[edit]

Head of State: European Board of Regents[edit]

Composed of the heads of state of the various member States of the European Community, the European Board of Regents (“EBoR”) is the collective head of state and collective presidency of the European Community. The Head and presiding Officer of the Board of Regents is the High Chancellor, who presides ex officio; and has no Vote except when the Board is equally divided (e.g., he cannot vote except to break a tie).

Head of Government: European Magistracy[edit]

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Template:European Federal Government table The day-to-day task of running of the Community’s executive branch, the European Magistracy, is the responsibility of the Chief Magister, officially the “Chief Magister of the European Community”. While the European Board of Regents is the de facto head of state of the European Community, the Chief Magister is the Community’s de facto head of government. As such, he is responsible to the legislative Branch (the European Parliament); however such is the case of the European Community, that the Community’s head of government is concurrently responsible to both branches of the European Parliament, and may be removed by Council, provided a simple majority of Council concur, upon the passage in the Assembly, by at least two-thirds thereof, of a vote of no confidence in the Chief Magister or his Magistracy (Government).

Ministers at European-level are styled, “European Magister for (portfolio)” —for example, the European-level minister responsible for the European Department for the Customs Union is the “European Magister for the Customs Union”.

Judiciary[edit]

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Budget[edit]

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Economy[edit]

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Internal market[edit]

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Competition[edit]

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Monetary union[edit]

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Taxation[edit]

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Tourism[edit]

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Infrastructure[edit]

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Science and technology[edit]

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Transportation[edit]

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Energy[edit]

Further information: Electricity sector of the European Community (by source: biomass, coal, geothermal, hydro, natural gas, nuclear, oil, solar, tidal, and wind) (by member State)

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Education[edit]

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Health[edit]

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Demographics[edit]

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Age and gender[edit]

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Ethnic groups[edit]

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Immigration and emigration[edit]

Immigration is an exclusive competence of the member States, and as such, they set the rules and regulations regarding immigration.

Language[edit]

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Religion[edit]

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Urbanization[edit]

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Wealth[edit]

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Culture[edit]

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Arts[edit]

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Visual arts[edit]

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Theatre[edit]

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Music[edit]

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Cuisine[edit]

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Etiquette[edit]

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Holidays[edit]

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Sport[edit]

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See also[edit]


Notes[edit]